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Can you stay alive outdoors by assessing risks? The summer outdoor season sees an increase in reports about disappearances and accidents. A recent report from California discusses the disappearance of an experienced hiker at a campsite in the Bristlecone Pine Forest. She was later found alive after four days. The report reveals that she had to flee her location due to a threatening person. Another story relates the discovery of the body of a missing person on the Snake River in Wyoming. He was working at a KOA campsite. Outdoor activities can be great experiences. However, outdoor activities also have inherent risks. You should develop a risk assessment and reduction plan before you go on a wilderness adventure. The following principles can help you build your risk mitigation plan.

1. Assess the level of wilderness experience and field skills of yourself and others

It is terrific to have a desire to spend time outdoors. There is an increasing number of people heading to the wilderness to hunt, hike, camp, or fish. The growing popularity of survival-related reality television programs and the rising interest in survival and preparedness are motivating people to get outdoors. However, the reality of being in the wilderness is different from how it is portrayed in the mass media. There is a danger of overconfidence in one’s abilities.

It is prudent to be realistic in assessing the level of wilderness experience and field skills of yourself and those in your group. The less wilderness experience and skills that one has should be an indicator that they are a high risk to themselves and others. Therefore, it is imperative to take a partner with you into the outdoors. Your partner should be more experienced and have more field skills than you to compliment your weaknesses. As a matter of safety, you should never go into the wilderness by yourself regardless of how skilled and experienced you are with the outdoors.

2. Know the level of health and physical fitness of yourself and others.

It is vital to know your level of health and physical fitness. Health and physical fitness play an important role in determining the kinds of activity and locations that one visits. For example, people with high blood pressure might have limitations as to the types of trails that they can trek on a backpacking adventure.

3. Understand the natural or man-made dangers of the area of activity

One of the common characteristics of negative experiences in the outdoors is a lack of awareness of the risks. More specifically, there seems to be a lack of knowledge of the natural and man-made dangers in the area of activity. One type of natural hazard involves predatory animals, such as mountain lions or bears. Other inherent threats are those relating to the terrain such as cliffs, bodies of water, areas of deadfall, or unstable ground. Man-made dangers are those pertaining to human activity. These can comprise logging areas, areas of construction, or even previous criminal activity.

4. Analyze the local weather and weather anomalies of the area of activity

Weather is a contributor to outdoor risks. There are reports of sudden fog, rain, or dropping of temperatures even in the summer months in some locations. It must be remembered that some local weather patterns cannot be found in a national or local forecast. The people who live near the area of your outdoor activity can provide useful information on local weather activity such as afternoon thundershowers. Analyzing the local weather traits will help make decisions about what to put in your backpack, such as rain gear or a light fleece jacket.

5. Identify the level of access to emergency help in the area of activity

Sometimes people, who go outdoors, do not take into account the availability of emergency help. It is essential to have a good understanding of what kind of emergency help is available. Additionally, it is crucial to know how to access emergency help in your planned area of activity. The importance of knowing how to contact emergency help is a critical part of your outdoor planning.

For example, one of the areas near me does not have a large number of park rangers. They tell you when you come into the park that most emergency help will be by airlift. They do not have the personnel or transportation available to come to your aid if you call for help. Thus, an expensive life flight to a local hospital awaits, should you dial for help. That kind of information influences your activity and what you have in your gear.  Some wilderness areas have no cell phone access. How will you get help in an emergency?

It is recommended that you develop a first-responder contact card. This card should have contact information for park rangers, first responders, and area hospitals. You should include emergency radio channels on the card if you are carrying a handheld ham radio two-way transceiver with you.

Final Thoughts

Risk reduction is an important skill to develop and exercise for those who love the outdoors. Your risk reduction plan has its limitations. However, without one, you may find your activity being less than enjoyable. Once you have identified the risks for your planned wilderness adventure, then develop and implement measures to reduce that risk. One of the best techniques to consider for risk reduction measures is the PACE plan. Additionally, your risk reduction plan should take into account the kind of activity (Mission), local and area dangers (Enemy), time of day, month or day (Time), the people involved (Troops), location (Terrain), and accesses to emergency help (Civilian Considerations). Once you have your risk mitigation plan complete, give a copy to whomever, you will be making your communication checks while you are outdoors.

Events

The Scout Survival program is the culmination of everything we have taught you from the beginning of the survival standards program. The basis of this course is putting the skills you learned to use in a field test, under the guidance and supervision of SIGMA 3 instructors. You will be completely alone in your own survival area, but still under the safe watch of our team. This is the best way to truly put your survival skills to the test in the field and see if you have truly mastered them like you think you have. While this course is a solo test, you’ll have access to instructors to ask question of as you go. We want you to learn, not just struggle. Stress inoculation is key to seeing where your skills are really at! If you can survive this class, you can survive short to long term almost anywhere else also.

THE MOST HARDCORE WILDERNESS SURVIVAL COURSE WE OFFER!

You will start with a knife only. You will have several primitive skills missions you will have to complete before you can attain any other tools. The reasoning behind this methodology is to show the student that they can survive with a knife only. But once they have demonstrated those skills, then they can gain other useful survival tools to show that survival can be a breeze with the right kit. But you won’t get any of that survival kit, until you demonstrate your primitive skills first.

DO YOU HAVE WHAT IT TAKES?

This Scout Survival course will push you to your limits! You will be tired, cold, hungry, and yet you will be wanting more of it by the time the course is over. This course is adored by students and even though it is very difficult, it is so satisfying to achieve completion and graduation of it. SIGMA 3 instructors will be there with you to insure you succeed.

This page doesn’t have the full write up on what to expect for the course. This is the checkout, visit the scout survival class page for more info.  If you have any questions don’t hesitate to call us, the number is listed below. We look forward to training with you and getting dirt time!

The Scout Survival program is the culmination of everything we have taught you from the beginning of the survival standards program. The basis of this course is putting the skills you learned to use in a field test, under the guidance and supervision of SIGMA 3 instructors. You will be completely alone in your own survival area, but still under the safe watch of our team. This is the best way to truly put your survival skills to the test in the field and see if you have truly mastered them like you think you have. While this course is a solo test, you’ll have access to instructors to ask question of as you go. We want you to learn, not just struggle. Stress inoculation is key to seeing where your skills are really at! If you can survive this class, you can survive short to long term almost anywhere else also.

THE MOST HARDCORE WILDERNESS SURVIVAL COURSE WE OFFER!

You will start with a knife only. You will have several primitive skills missions you will have to complete before you can attain any other tools. The reasoning behind this methodology is to show the student that they can survive with a knife only. But once they have demonstrated those skills, then they can gain other useful survival tools to show that survival can be a breeze with the right kit. But you won’t get any of that survival kit, until you demonstrate your primitive skills first.

DO YOU HAVE WHAT IT TAKES?

This Scout Survival course will push you to your limits! You will be tired, cold, hungry, and yet you will be wanting more of it by the time the course is over. This course is adored by students and even though it is very difficult, it is so satisfying to achieve completion and graduation of it. SIGMA 3 instructors will be there with you to insure you succeed.

This page doesn’t have the full write up on what to expect for the course. This is the checkout, visit the scout survival class page for more info.  If you have any questions don’t hesitate to call us, the number is listed below. We look forward to training with you and getting dirt time!

The Scout Survival program is the culmination of everything we have taught you from the beginning of the survival standards program. The basis of this course is putting the skills you learned to use in a field test, under the guidance and supervision of SIGMA 3 instructors. You will be completely alone in your own survival area, but still under the safe watch of our team. This is the best way to truly put your survival skills to the test in the field and see if you have truly mastered them like you think you have. While this course is a solo test, you’ll have access to instructors to ask question of as you go. We want you to learn, not just struggle. Stress inoculation is key to seeing where your skills are really at! If you can survive this class, you can survive short to long term almost anywhere else also.

THE MOST HARDCORE WILDERNESS SURVIVAL COURSE WE OFFER!

You will start with a knife only. You will have several primitive skills missions you will have to complete before you can attain any other tools. The reasoning behind this methodology is to show the student that they can survive with a knife only. But once they have demonstrated those skills, then they can gain other useful survival tools to show that survival can be a breeze with the right kit. But you won’t get any of that survival kit, until you demonstrate your primitive skills first.

DO YOU HAVE WHAT IT TAKES?

This Scout Survival course will push you to your limits! You will be tired, cold, hungry, and yet you will be wanting more of it by the time the course is over. This course is adored by students and even though it is very difficult, it is so satisfying to achieve completion and graduation of it. SIGMA 3 instructors will be there with you to insure you succeed.

This page doesn’t have the full write up on what to expect for the course. This is the checkout, visit the scout survival class page for more info.  If you have any questions don’t hesitate to call us, the number is listed below. We look forward to training with you and getting dirt time!

This series of survival courses is designed for the people that just can’t take off time from work for longer term survival classes! Most people have full time jobs, responsibilities, and its just not reasonable for them to take off work for a week or longer for our normal standard courses. So we came up with a way to train you on the standard course skills in a series of weekend classes. Locals can now take advantage of their close proximity to the school, by utilizing their free weekends for training. While anyone can take the courses, its best suited for people within a 3 hour drive.

FAMILY FRIENDLY! KIDS TRAIN FOR $25/KID PER WEEKEND!

This series of classes will cover all the highlights of our Standard Courses, in a much shorter time frame. While still making sure you can absorb and replicate all the skills shown. This course is 100% HANDS ON and in the field training. No power point, no classroom, only real dirt time! And you can bring your kids for cheap too!

ITINERARY

Weekend 1: Shelter and Water

The first weekend will focus on shelter building, water procurement and the following skills: primitive shelters, tarp configurations, & hammock camping, water procurement via primitive methods and modern equipment to carry.

Weekend 2: Fire Making

Fire making is one of the most life saving and essential skills any outdoorsman can have and we will spend the entire weekend honing these essential fire building skills that will work anywhere in the world. We will learn the following: primitive bow drill, hand drill, solar fires, all night fire lay, ferro rod skills & more!

Weekend 3: Wild Plants

When it comes to food in the wild, we like to start with the food that doesn’t run very fast. So the first two weekends will focus on the lifesaving skills and this weekend we will learn about plants! The first day will be a wild plant walk and harvesting wild plants for processing. The following day you will learn how to cook those foods and we will make food together as a group!

Weekend 4: Primitive Trapping & Fishing

Plants may not move very fast, but they also don’t contain enough calories to typically sustain the survivor. So we must find meat sources to sustain us! You’ll learn a ton of different primitive snares and deadfalls to start. Then we will get into fishing tactics! We will cover lightweight fishing gear that can be carried at all times. As well, as more advanced concepts like spearfishing.

Weekend 5: Primitive Tools & Navigation

This weekend you’ll get to sit down with our Caveman on staff (Joshua Hamlin) and learn the fine art of flintknapping and how to make your own arrow points. Then we will cover some basic navigation skills if you should find yourself without a GPS/map or compass.

Weekend 6: Scout Survivor Mini

Our 7 Day Scout Survival course is our toughest individual course by far. And we want to give our survivors a small taste of what a real survival weekend would be like with our newest Scout Mini course! You’ll be taken to one of our properties in the Ozarks and you’ll live in a survival shelter and catch all your own fish for the weekend. You’ll only be allowed a knife, saw, paracord, and mini fishing kit!

This series of survival courses is designed for the people that just can’t take off time from work for longer term survival classes! Most people have full time jobs, responsibilities, and its just not reasonable for them to take off work for a week or longer for our normal standard courses. So we came up with a way to train you on the standard course skills in a series of weekend classes. Locals can now take advantage of their close proximity to the school, by utilizing their free weekends for training. While anyone can take the courses, its best suited for people within a 3 hour drive.

FAMILY FRIENDLY! KIDS TRAIN FOR $25/KID PER WEEKEND!

This series of classes will cover all the highlights of our Standard Courses, in a much shorter time frame. While still making sure you can absorb and replicate all the skills shown. This course is 100% HANDS ON and in the field training. No power point, no classroom, only real dirt time! And you can bring your kids for cheap too!

ITINERARY

Weekend 1: Shelter and Water

The first weekend will focus on shelter building, water procurement and the following skills: primitive shelters, tarp configurations, & hammock camping, water procurement via primitive methods and modern equipment to carry.

Weekend 2: Fire Making

Fire making is one of the most life saving and essential skills any outdoorsman can have and we will spend the entire weekend honing these essential fire building skills that will work anywhere in the world. We will learn the following: primitive bow drill, hand drill, solar fires, all night fire lay, ferro rod skills & more!

Weekend 3: Wild Plants

When it comes to food in the wild, we like to start with the food that doesn’t run very fast. So the first two weekends will focus on the lifesaving skills and this weekend we will learn about plants! The first day will be a wild plant walk and harvesting wild plants for processing. The following day you will learn how to cook those foods and we will make food together as a group!

Weekend 4: Primitive Trapping & Fishing

Plants may not move very fast, but they also don’t contain enough calories to typically sustain the survivor. So we must find meat sources to sustain us! You’ll learn a ton of different primitive snares and deadfalls to start. Then we will get into fishing tactics! We will cover lightweight fishing gear that can be carried at all times. As well, as more advanced concepts like spearfishing.

Weekend 5: Primitive Tools & Navigation

This weekend you’ll get to sit down with our Caveman on staff (Joshua Hamlin) and learn the fine art of flintknapping and how to make your own arrow points. Then we will cover some basic navigation skills if you should find yourself without a GPS/map or compass.

Weekend 6: Scout Survivor Mini

Our 7 Day Scout Survival course is our toughest individual course by far. And we want to give our survivors a small taste of what a real survival weekend would be like with our newest Scout Mini course! You’ll be taken to one of our properties in the Ozarks and you’ll live in a survival shelter and catch all your own fish for the weekend. You’ll only be allowed a knife, saw, paracord, and mini fishing kit!

This series of survival courses is designed for the people that just can’t take off time from work for longer term survival classes! Most people have full time jobs, responsibilities, and its just not reasonable for them to take off work for a week or longer for our normal standard courses. So we came up with a way to train you on the standard course skills in a series of weekend classes. Locals can now take advantage of their close proximity to the school, by utilizing their free weekends for training. While anyone can take the courses, its best suited for people within a 3 hour drive.

FAMILY FRIENDLY! KIDS TRAIN FOR $25/KID PER WEEKEND!

This series of classes will cover all the highlights of our Standard Courses, in a much shorter time frame. While still making sure you can absorb and replicate all the skills shown. This course is 100% HANDS ON and in the field training. No power point, no classroom, only real dirt time! And you can bring your kids for cheap too!

ITINERARY

Weekend 1: Shelter and Water

The first weekend will focus on shelter building, water procurement and the following skills: primitive shelters, tarp configurations, & hammock camping, water procurement via primitive methods and modern equipment to carry.

Weekend 2: Fire Making

Fire making is one of the most life saving and essential skills any outdoorsman can have and we will spend the entire weekend honing these essential fire building skills that will work anywhere in the world. We will learn the following: primitive bow drill, hand drill, solar fires, all night fire lay, ferro rod skills & more!

Weekend 3: Wild Plants

When it comes to food in the wild, we like to start with the food that doesn’t run very fast. So the first two weekends will focus on the lifesaving skills and this weekend we will learn about plants! The first day will be a wild plant walk and harvesting wild plants for processing. The following day you will learn how to cook those foods and we will make food together as a group!

Weekend 4: Primitive Trapping & Fishing

Plants may not move very fast, but they also don’t contain enough calories to typically sustain the survivor. So we must find meat sources to sustain us! You’ll learn a ton of different primitive snares and deadfalls to start. Then we will get into fishing tactics! We will cover lightweight fishing gear that can be carried at all times. As well, as more advanced concepts like spearfishing.

Weekend 5: Primitive Tools & Navigation

This weekend you’ll get to sit down with our Caveman on staff (Joshua Hamlin) and learn the fine art of flintknapping and how to make your own arrow points. Then we will cover some basic navigation skills if you should find yourself without a GPS/map or compass.

Weekend 6: Scout Survivor Mini

Our 7 Day Scout Survival course is our toughest individual course by far. And we want to give our survivors a small taste of what a real survival weekend would be like with our newest Scout Mini course! You’ll be taken to one of our properties in the Ozarks and you’ll live in a survival shelter and catch all your own fish for the weekend. You’ll only be allowed a knife, saw, paracord, and mini fishing kit!

This series of survival courses is designed for the people that just can’t take off time from work for longer term survival classes! Most people have full time jobs, responsibilities, and its just not reasonable for them to take off work for a week or longer for our normal standard courses. So we came up with a way to train you on the standard course skills in a series of weekend classes. Locals can now take advantage of their close proximity to the school, by utilizing their free weekends for training. While anyone can take the courses, its best suited for people within a 3 hour drive.

FAMILY FRIENDLY! KIDS TRAIN FOR $25/KID PER WEEKEND!

This series of classes will cover all the highlights of our Standard Courses, in a much shorter time frame. While still making sure you can absorb and replicate all the skills shown. This course is 100% HANDS ON and in the field training. No power point, no classroom, only real dirt time! And you can bring your kids for cheap too!

ITINERARY

Weekend 1: Shelter and Water

The first weekend will focus on shelter building, water procurement and the following skills: primitive shelters, tarp configurations, & hammock camping, water procurement via primitive methods and modern equipment to carry.

Weekend 2: Fire Making

Fire making is one of the most life saving and essential skills any outdoorsman can have and we will spend the entire weekend honing these essential fire building skills that will work anywhere in the world. We will learn the following: primitive bow drill, hand drill, solar fires, all night fire lay, ferro rod skills & more!

Weekend 3: Wild Plants

When it comes to food in the wild, we like to start with the food that doesn’t run very fast. So the first two weekends will focus on the lifesaving skills and this weekend we will learn about plants! The first day will be a wild plant walk and harvesting wild plants for processing. The following day you will learn how to cook those foods and we will make food together as a group!

Weekend 4: Primitive Trapping & Fishing

Plants may not move very fast, but they also don’t contain enough calories to typically sustain the survivor. So we must find meat sources to sustain us! You’ll learn a ton of different primitive snares and deadfalls to start. Then we will get into fishing tactics! We will cover lightweight fishing gear that can be carried at all times. As well, as more advanced concepts like spearfishing.

Weekend 5: Primitive Tools & Navigation

This weekend you’ll get to sit down with our Caveman on staff (Joshua Hamlin) and learn the fine art of flintknapping and how to make your own arrow points. Then we will cover some basic navigation skills if you should find yourself without a GPS/map or compass.

Weekend 6: Scout Survivor Mini

Our 7 Day Scout Survival course is our toughest individual course by far. And we want to give our survivors a small taste of what a real survival weekend would be like with our newest Scout Mini course! You’ll be taken to one of our properties in the Ozarks and you’ll live in a survival shelter and catch all your own fish for the weekend. You’ll only be allowed a knife, saw, paracord, and mini fishing kit!

This series of survival courses is designed for the people that just can’t take off time from work for longer term survival classes! Most people have full time jobs, responsibilities, and its just not reasonable for them to take off work for a week or longer for our normal standard courses. So we came up with a way to train you on the standard course skills in a series of weekend classes. Locals can now take advantage of their close proximity to the school, by utilizing their free weekends for training. While anyone can take the courses, its best suited for people within a 3 hour drive.

FAMILY FRIENDLY! KIDS TRAIN FOR $25/KID PER WEEKEND!

This series of classes will cover all the highlights of our Standard Courses, in a much shorter time frame. While still making sure you can absorb and replicate all the skills shown. This course is 100% HANDS ON and in the field training. No power point, no classroom, only real dirt time! And you can bring your kids for cheap too!

ITINERARY

Weekend 1: Shelter and Water

The first weekend will focus on shelter building, water procurement and the following skills: primitive shelters, tarp configurations, & hammock camping, water procurement via primitive methods and modern equipment to carry.

Weekend 2: Fire Making

Fire making is one of the most life saving and essential skills any outdoorsman can have and we will spend the entire weekend honing these essential fire building skills that will work anywhere in the world. We will learn the following: primitive bow drill, hand drill, solar fires, all night fire lay, ferro rod skills & more!

Weekend 3: Wild Plants

When it comes to food in the wild, we like to start with the food that doesn’t run very fast. So the first two weekends will focus on the lifesaving skills and this weekend we will learn about plants! The first day will be a wild plant walk and harvesting wild plants for processing. The following day you will learn how to cook those foods and we will make food together as a group!

Weekend 4: Primitive Trapping & Fishing

Plants may not move very fast, but they also don’t contain enough calories to typically sustain the survivor. So we must find meat sources to sustain us! You’ll learn a ton of different primitive snares and deadfalls to start. Then we will get into fishing tactics! We will cover lightweight fishing gear that can be carried at all times. As well, as more advanced concepts like spearfishing.

Weekend 5: Primitive Tools & Navigation

This weekend you’ll get to sit down with our Caveman on staff (Joshua Hamlin) and learn the fine art of flintknapping and how to make your own arrow points. Then we will cover some basic navigation skills if you should find yourself without a GPS/map or compass.

Weekend 6: Scout Survivor Mini

Our 7 Day Scout Survival course is our toughest individual course by far. And we want to give our survivors a small taste of what a real survival weekend would be like with our newest Scout Mini course! You’ll be taken to one of our properties in the Ozarks and you’ll live in a survival shelter and catch all your own fish for the weekend. You’ll only be allowed a knife, saw, paracord, and mini fishing kit!

This series of survival courses is designed for the people that just can’t take off time from work for longer term survival classes! Most people have full time jobs, responsibilities, and its just not reasonable for them to take off work for a week or longer for our normal standard courses. So we came up with a way to train you on the standard course skills in a series of weekend classes. Locals can now take advantage of their close proximity to the school, by utilizing their free weekends for training. While anyone can take the courses, its best suited for people within a 3 hour drive.

FAMILY FRIENDLY! KIDS TRAIN FOR $25/KID PER WEEKEND!

This series of classes will cover all the highlights of our Standard Courses, in a much shorter time frame. While still making sure you can absorb and replicate all the skills shown. This course is 100% HANDS ON and in the field training. No power point, no classroom, only real dirt time! And you can bring your kids for cheap too!

ITINERARY

Weekend 1: Shelter and Water

The first weekend will focus on shelter building, water procurement and the following skills: primitive shelters, tarp configurations, & hammock camping, water procurement via primitive methods and modern equipment to carry.

Weekend 2: Fire Making

Fire making is one of the most life saving and essential skills any outdoorsman can have and we will spend the entire weekend honing these essential fire building skills that will work anywhere in the world. We will learn the following: primitive bow drill, hand drill, solar fires, all night fire lay, ferro rod skills & more!

Weekend 3: Wild Plants

When it comes to food in the wild, we like to start with the food that doesn’t run very fast. So the first two weekends will focus on the lifesaving skills and this weekend we will learn about plants! The first day will be a wild plant walk and harvesting wild plants for processing. The following day you will learn how to cook those foods and we will make food together as a group!

Weekend 4: Primitive Trapping & Fishing

Plants may not move very fast, but they also don’t contain enough calories to typically sustain the survivor. So we must find meat sources to sustain us! You’ll learn a ton of different primitive snares and deadfalls to start. Then we will get into fishing tactics! We will cover lightweight fishing gear that can be carried at all times. As well, as more advanced concepts like spearfishing.

Weekend 5: Primitive Tools & Navigation

This weekend you’ll get to sit down with our Caveman on staff (Joshua Hamlin) and learn the fine art of flintknapping and how to make your own arrow points. Then we will cover some basic navigation skills if you should find yourself without a GPS/map or compass.

Weekend 6: Scout Survivor Mini

Our 7 Day Scout Survival course is our toughest individual course by far. And we want to give our survivors a small taste of what a real survival weekend would be like with our newest Scout Mini course! You’ll be taken to one of our properties in the Ozarks and you’ll live in a survival shelter and catch all your own fish for the weekend. You’ll only be allowed a knife, saw, paracord, and mini fishing kit!

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